For termination up to 12 weeks of gestation, opinion of one RMP is required whereas for the length of pregnancy between 12 and 20 weeks, opinion of two RMPs is required. Like infanticide, the payment of dowry is also illegal , but is still a frequent and prevalent occurrence in rural India. This would cover the expanded provider base being suggested, by bringing in Nurses and ANMs as well as Ayurveda, Unani, Siddha and Homoeopath practitioners as legitimate providers of abortion service. It is a "non-invasive method of ending an unwanted pregnancy that women can use in a range of settings, and often in their own homes". Who can terminate a pregnancy perform an induced abortion? The rise of the concept of nationalism and introspection of discriminatory practices brought about social reform movements related to caste and gender relations. In order to increase the availability of safe and legal abortion services, it has been recommended to increase the base of legal MTP providers by including medical practitioners with bachelor's degree in Ayurveda, Siddha, Unani or Homeopathy.
World over, women prefer to adopt MMA while seeking safe abortion services given the confidentiality and safety it offers to them. Relational hierarchies between women within the same family are more adverse. This also posed as a challenge for feminists while shaping their overreaching campaigns as there had to be a focus within efforts to ensure that fulfilling the demands of one group would not create further inequalities for another. For ensuring compliance and safety of women, stricter penalties were introduced for MTPs being conducted in unapproved sites or by untrained medical providers by the Act. Early 19th century reformers argued that the difference between men and women was no reason for the subjection of women in society. For example, high numbers of illegal abortions are an element of their rationalization for legalized abortion. The woman discovered that her foetus had congenital defect when she was 23 weeks pregnant, and had crossed the week benchmark within which it is legal to terminate a pregnancy. Shah committee key highlights[ edit ] The Shah Committee was appointed by the Government of India in The campaign also created an information kit for the media on the subject. This was newly researched and expanded with the vision to create 'logical' and organic links between feminism and Marxism, as well as with anti-communalism and anti-casteism, etc. In case termination of pregnancy is immediately necessary to save the life of the woman, this limit does not apply Section 5 of the MTP Act. The studies as part of this project estimated 6. The manual is designed to provide trainers with detailed guidelines and aids for conducting CAC trainings. The amendments propose to: The panel of doctors submitted their report, following which, the High Court granted permission, citing that the continuation of the pregnancy "may result in a grave injury to her mental health". Listed below are some of the significant cases with requests for late term termination that have come to the court for permission. However, by the late 19th century they were joined in their efforts by their wives, sisters, daughters, protegees and other individuals directly affected by campaigns such as those carried out for women's education. The study further found the abortion rate at 47 abortions per women aged years. Abortion incidence in India[ edit ] It is estimated that Many such estimates are based on limited surveys. In the Supreme Court of India struck down a law making it a crime for a man to have sex with a married woman without the permission of her husband. Pro-life activists have successfully shifted the terms of the policy debate on abortion. Form A [Sub-Rule 2 of Rule 5]: The report of the medical committee ascertained that the child, if born, may suffer from mental retardation, while admitting that terminating the pregnancy at this stage would be risky. So, women had to take charge of home-front. The ready reckoner provides a quick reference to the Guidance Handbook.
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India battles gender-based abortions
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